Mayer's book called "Mamluk Costume" (c. 1952) mentioned the scolding of women who wore turbans (14th century, if I recall correctly), so for a while... I wore a small turban such as that at the DistantCaravans site! Since then, I've wanted other things to wear for various reasons: (#1) something better to shade me from the sun; (#2) something quick for first thing in the morning at a camping event; (#3) something to stay out of the way when I'm active. The white wrap below is good for #2. The Levantine site (where are the links? must find!) has a simple turban for #3. And #1 gets either the small turban with a loose drape over top of it all, or the triangular headscarf with a cloth or table-woven circlet, both of which allow a corner to be pulled over my sun-magnet nose.

This image from the Wedding Night of Humay and Humayin, c 1395 CE, shows a couple of examples of headwear for women. The white wrap on the left might be a single rectangle of cloth wrapped from shoulder, over head, under chin, and over head again, all held in place with a ribbon or cord. Considering how it drapes down the back, it may very well be a triangle, wrapped the same way.

The woman at the bottom may be wearing a sectioned skullcap with a drape; the circle of gold dots around her face may be gold beads or something similar, reminiscent of the white dots seen in other images.


Each of the women appears to be wearing 3 or 4 layers of clothing. The candles are depicted as being massive; I don't know if this is accurate or symbolic.